Thursday, September 28, 2017

Book Review:The Hate You Give

Currently, I'm reading a book called The Hate U Give by Angie Thomas  and it's one of the best books iv'e ever read. It's about a sixteen-year old named Starr Carter, and she is an African American who lives in a poor neighborhood but goes to a rich school. She has a very delicate balance between her two worlds, but that all shatters when her childhood best friend is shot and killed at the hands of a police officer. His death becomes a national headline,and whatever she says to the public could destroy her community and put her life in danger.

I think this book is so true to what's going on right now with police brutality against innocent people,and it's a great book for anyone who likes realistic fiction. It does have very strong language and has some mature content,but other than that it's a great read. 

Image result for The hate u give

Enlightenment Thinkers

During the Enlightenment, many scholars began to question the long held beliefs about religion,science, and government. These thinkers were inspired by Galileo and Newton.Their ideas were now based on thoughts and understanding and not opinions. 
Salons:Salons were places where philosophers would gather in formal meetings called salons.
There were many thinkers during the enlightenment, but there were 5 main ones with diverse thoughts.

Thomas Hobbes: 
His Question:What is the basis of social order? 
His observation: Human beings were naturally cruel,greedy,and selfish. 
He published his books, Leviathan, in 1657, and in it he wrote that people desire for power. Without laws and other social controls, people will always be in conflict.
He believed that governments were created to protect people from their own selfishness, and that people cannot be trusted to make decisions that are good for society because they are selfish by nature. 

John Locke:
His observation: He did not believe in the divine right of kings to rule.
He published his book, "Two Treatises of Government" in 1690.
In his book, he supported the idea of having a strong parliament, and they must protect human rights. 
He believed that the purpose of the government is to protect people's natural rights, and these were 
the right to 
-Life
-Liberty
-Property
In exchange for protecting our rights,the people must give the government the power to make and enforce laws. 
He also believed that the true basis of government must be a social contract(or agreement) among free people. 
His theory was that the a government's authority is COMPLETELY based on the consent of its
people.if the government fails to respect and keep people's rights, the people have a right to overthrow them.  

Baron de Montesquieu: 
His observation:He believed that if one person or a small group of people had too much power it would lead to corruption and tyranny. 
He was a french author and in 1748 he published The Spirit of Laws in which he argued that the best way to protect human rights is to divide the power evenly among 3 branches of government,and each branch would limit the power of the others.
The Three Branches of Government:
Legislative:Makes the laws(congress)
Executive:enforces the laws(president)
Judicial: interprets the laws(supreme court)

Voltaire:
His observation:He believed that freedom of thought and expression is the only way to fight oppression.
He was a french writer and all participated in paris salons. He supported the idea of religious tolerance(allowing people to believe in religion their way)He was also A VERY STRONG BELIEVER of free speech.

Cesare Beccaria:
His Observation: He studied criminology(the study of crime and punishment) and did not like the harsh punishments that were common in his day and called for changes in criminal law to protect the rights of the accused.
Torture and death was common punishments for people found guilty of crimes,and Beccaria argued that laws exist to preserve society and that punishments should not be so brutal. He said that a person accused of a crime should have the right to a fair and speedy trial,and that punishments should fit the seriousness of the crime.

There were many women in the enlightenment as well even though women of the the 1700's did not have the same rights as men.Some of these women were Mary Wollstonecraft,Madame Geoffrin,and Abigail Adams.




Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Paper Slide Flipgrid Grow and Glow

In social studies recently, we had to make a paper slide video of a conquistador, and my group chose Francisco Pizarro.

We also learned about a new way to reflect on your work;the grow and glow concept. The things we need to"grow" on are the things we need to work on and make better and the the things we "glow" on are the things we are already good at.

Some technical things I think we need to grow on are keeping the paper straight, as there were multiple times in the video where the paper wasn't straight,and it makes the video seem of lower quality.,and at one slide it was completely messed up for the whole time we were talking about it.
I also think we should have made the paper sliding smoother, and it didn't look as good because we were picking up the paper instead of sliding it.

Some technical glows that I think we had were that the camera wasn't shaky and you could hear us talking even though we were in a loud room.

Now for the presentation grows: I think we should have had elaborated on some of them a bit more, and I think our audio should have matched the slide,while adding more info, and not just wording the writing different.

I think for the presentation glows I think the writings we had were really good as well as the colorings. And I think I did ok on the drawings.







Tuesday, September 12, 2017

The Columbian Exchange (UNIT 2)

As we all know, Columbus was not the first man to discover the "New World"or what it is now called today;The Americas, but he did start a series of tradeoffs from the New and Old worlds which is now known as the Columbian Exchange.

Without this exchange, many things that we have now probably wouldn't have been exposed to the other sides of the world until much later in time.

But this exchange also brought some downfalls.Many diseases from the Old World made it's way to the New World and brought devastation to the native people in the Americas. Some of these diseases were:
-Smallpox
-Measles
-Influenza
Since the natives had no resistance to these diseases, MILLIONS died from them. Animals also had their share of killing diseases, as the livestock that Europeans brought with them often had the diseases on them.
There weren't many negative impacts that the New World brought to the Old World except for sand fleas, more commonly known as chiggers. They are insects that penetrate under human skin to deposit their eggs, and can cause infections.

Although there were many negative impacts there were also positive ones.Many things were brought from the New World to the Old World and one of the biggest things was corn/ maize, and it became one of the most important crops of the Old World received from the New World
.
Some other things from the New World to the Old were potatoes,lima beans,butter beans,kidney beans,and MANY OTHER BEANS, as well as peanuts.squashes,tomatoes,strawberries,cocoa beans,guavas.avocados,tapioca,pineapples,chilli peppers,sweet potatoes,papayas,pumpkins, and many more.

Some things brought from the Old World to the New were:
-Cows
-Oxen
-Horses
-Donkeys
-Pigs
-Sheep
-Sugar Cane=CASH CROP
-Bananas
-Wheat
-Coffee
-Beans
-Rice
-Lettuce

In conclusion, the Columbian Exchange was a major part of our history and our lives would be very different if it never occurred.

Wednesday, August 30, 2017

My Culture

In social studies recently, we had an assignment to share a few things about our culture, and I wanted to share it on here. Enjoy!

In my culture, we have many celebrations such as Diwali and Holi, as well as many religious stories such as the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. When greeting someone, it is respectful to place both hands together and bow slightly, while saying "Namaste" but in different parts of India it is different. Indians also value personal space so when greeting them it is best to stay an arm's length away. You are also not allowed to touch anyone's head as it is considered a sensitive part of the body, and you should never point at something with one finger, instead you should gesture towards what you are pointing to. It is also considered polite to touch someone with only your right hand as the left hand is considered unclean. Indian food is very diverse as we have very spicy foods but also sweet ones.Depending on what part of India you are in, food is either served with rice or flat bread, and most Hindus do not eat beef. Most families in India live together as 1 big family, so you'll often see children living with their parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, etc. because it is believed that joined families provide love and respect towards other family members.(My dad's side also lives in a big house with my grandparents, cousins, and aunt and uncle)Also, when receiving a gift it is rude to open it in front of others and the gift giver must give it to the person receiving it with 2 hands.For clothing women often wear sari's, which are 9 yards of cloth draped in a certain way, and these are mostly worn on a regular day basis, and more elaborate ones are worn to parties and weddings. In the family, until a child is 2,the mother and/or the grandmother is the main caregiver, and when they are over 2, older sisters become the main caregiversBoys are generally given better opportunities and chances to a higher education, and many gender-specific roles are given to the members of the household.
These are a few of the things in my culture.

The Layers of the Earth's Atmosphere

The atmosphere is one of the reasons life exists on the planet Earth. Without it, we, and almost everything else living on this Earth, wouldn't be able to breathe.
The atmosphere also makes sure that the water on the planet STAYS on the planet, and without it, the water would evaporate and float off into space.

The atmosphere consists of 4 layers in this order:
-Troposphere
-Stratosphere
-Mesosphere
-Thermosphere

These are the 4 layers and each of them are equally important for different reasons.

The troposphere is the layer closest to Earth and is where all of Earth's organisms live in, which includes us.

The stratosphere is the next closest layer to Earth and it has the ozone layer in it(the ozone layer is a region in the stratosphere which absorbs most of the sun's UV radiation.

The mesosphere is the third closest layer to Earth and this is the layer in which meteors disintegrate, or burn up.

The thermosphere is the farthest layer from the Earth, and this is the layer which is closest to space. It is also where the International Space Station is found.


These are the 4 layers of the Earth's atmosphere, and as you can see, they are very important for many different reasons.

Monday, June 5, 2017

Social Castes

In Social Studies, we learned about Ancient India, and the idea of castes impacted their whole life, form religion to lifestyle.

Image result for list of caste in indiaA caste is a strict social classes that are determined by birth. You are born into a caste, and it will never change.  There are 4 (sometimes 5) castes.
-Brahman: This is the highest social caste; Consists of Priests.
-Kshatriya: This is the second highest caste and this consists of warriors and rulers.
-Vaisyas: This social caste is "the middle class" they are neither poor or rich. These consist of traders, merchants, and minor officials.
-Sudra: This is the starting of the poorer castes, and this caste is composed of the common laborers and mediocre workers.
 -(Not fully considered a caste, as most Sudra's are these) Pariah(Untouchables): This caste also consists of the common workers and laborers, and they are considered to be much lower than everyone else. They did not have the basic rights as everyone else and most of them were not accepted into society.

Friday, May 12, 2017

What is the difference between a compound and a mixture?

When it comes to compounds and mixtures, there is one MAJOR difference when it comes to what makes them different, and it is that a compound is a CHEMICALLY combined substance. When you create a compound, you create a brand new substance that cannot be changed back. One example of this is water. One MOLECULE(notice how I did not say atom because water is not an element) of water has 2 hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. Those 2 substances chemically  combined to create a brand new substance, and when they did, they lost the properties/characteristics they had before. At room temperature, water is a liquid but hydrogen and oxygen are gases. They lost that quality when they became water. Now mixtures on the other hand are NOT chemically combined, and they are only mixed evenly throughout each other, and it would be relatively easy to bring back the old substances that they once were. Image result for sugar water solution One example of a mixture is sugar and water. When you mix them together. you're not creating a new substance, but merely mixing the 2 evenly thought each other. The sugar is the solute, the substance that is going to be dissolved and the water is the solvent, the substance doing the dissolving, The solute and the solvent are still the same substances, it is just that the atoms are all evenly dispersed within each other and in this situation, if you wanted to take the sugar out of the water all you need to do is wait for the water to evaporate, and you would be left with just the sugar. That is the difference between compounds and mixtures.

Friday, March 3, 2017

Social Order in the Middle Ages

In the Middle Ages, land=money so the king, who owns ALL the land is pretty much the highest person in the kingdom. Under them are the lords and ladies, the friends of the king. Since many kings had to much land to govern on, so they divide the land up to the lords and ladies to govern. The people who received the land were called vassals. In trade for this land, the vassal must give full loyalty and military service to the king.
Image result for social order in the middle ages
Under the nobles are the knights, or lesser lords. In a very large kingdom, the king will give very large plots to the nobles, resulting in the nobles not able to control the land their given, so they give it to knights, who become vassals. For this trade they must promise to be a part of the king's military if  an enemy comes. And finally, underneath them is the pheasants, or the serfs. They have no freedom at all and they are part of the land so if the vassal sells the land, they go along with them. They live on a small portion of the vassal's land. In return, they must pay taxes and give a share of crops to the vassal. This guarantees them protection from the barbaric tribes such as the Vikings.

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Daily Wonder Question: Did dinosaurs actually roar?

For my daily wonder question today, I wonder, did dinosaurs actually roar? I know in many movies that they add the roars to make a chill go down your spine but in real life, did these beasts roar or is is simply a figment of our imaginations?
                                                                                               
Image result for dinosaur      

To find out, I went to http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/did-dinosaurs-roar-48438337/ and found out that yes, dinosaurs PROBABLY made noises, but they probably did NOT sound like what you hear in the movies because those sounds you do hear are actually mash-ups of vocalizations by different modern animals.Also, since the organs that they would have used to vocalize did not fossilize, we may NEVER know if these creatures could bellow out the ear-deafening sounds we hear in movies today, so, for the time being, we should let the tyrannosaurs roar and the hadrosaurs bellow till we have surefire evidence that these animals did not make the sounds we hear today.